How the United Nations (UN) was formed
During World War II the United States and the Soviet Union, and their allies, planned to create an international organization to maintain peace around the world. At the end of World War II representatives from 50 different countries met to discuss plans for such an organization. So the UN was created 24th October 1945. If you would like to read more about it you could click here.
What does the UN do?
The organization have different functions, for example:
- To hold peacekeeping efforts or find peaceful solutions to disagreements between countries.
- To run the International Court of Justice. Any country could bring disputes to it for judgment, but both parties must first agree to allow the court to try the case.
- To offer economic, social and technical assistance in order to help countries rebuild after wars.
- To make sure that people everywhere are treated equally regardless of race, sex, language and religion.
- To help refugees around the world and care for needy children in many countries.
The UN also work with countries on many environmental issues. And there are several special agencies that you may have heard about, for example The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
Would you like to get involved in the UN?
If you have turned 16, you could get involved in the youth section of The Gothenburg UN-association.