Now and then the ISGR library get questions from students and teachers, about citations and in-text citations according to the reference system Modern Language Association (MLA), 8th edition.
Sometimes questions are asked in person and sometimes they are sent via email to: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
Below you can see an example of some questions from a student and my answers to them:
1) The citation format apparently needs a DOI code for articles from online journals. I found such codes for some of the texts on the articles’ page of origin that gave an already-made citation I could copy directly, but some other articles are missing the DOI (or I have not been able to find it, at any rate). Should I try to find website URLs that link to the articles directly in those cases or should I simply leave the citation without DOI? How/where would I find the DOI in the future, if possible?
Answer: Not all articles got a DOI. You should always use a DOI if there is a DOI available, because the DOIs are much more sustainable than web addresses. If there is no DOI available, you will need to use the web address or permalink (webb address assigned to a specific article by a database) instead. This is because either DOI, web address or permalink is required in MLA8, if you are using a digital source.
I would also like to recommend you to add the date when you access a digital source to your citation. To do so is not mandatory, just highly recommended, because web addresses change.
2) Would you recommend using English titles in the citations or the original (Italian) titles for some of the articles? What about the text in the articles themselves?
Answer: You shall list the citation for the source you have actullay read in the bibliography / work cited. (In MLA8 it is really important that you also acknowledge all contributors to your source in your citations, for example such as translators. If you for example have read an article in English that has been translated from Italian, you will need to acknowledge the person having translated it to English.)
In the essay, you should translate the content of the source to English, in case of being read in any other language, and you would like to quote it, so that everybody who reads the essay can understand what it says.
3) The work by Ellis Woodman (“Bosco Verticale by Stefano Boeri Architetti”, or Article 1 among the PDFs you sent me) is missing some of the information I need to form a proper citation, namely the numbers of the volume, issue and page(s), as well as the DOI which I mentioned previously. Do you know where I could find this information?
You will find it if you for example go to the Arts & Humanities database, provided by the Gothenburg University library.
Woodman, Ellis. “Bosco Verticale by Stefano Boeri Architetti.” The Architects’ Journal, Feb. 27, 2015. Arts & Humanities database, https://gu-se-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/f/15agpbr/TN_proquest1658785391. Accessed 18 May 2020.
The questions above were asked by Aurora Lindqvist in IB11.